On October 24, 2016 the Honourable Jane Philpott, Minister of Health, launched the Healthy Eating Strategy for Canada. One of the intended outcomes of the Healthy Eating Strategy is to help make the healthier food choice the easier choice. In order to help achieve this, final amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations - Nutrition Labelling, Other Labelling Provisions and Food Colours were published in Canada Gazette, Part II on December 14, 2016.
Under Canada’s Food and Drug Regulations, most prepackaged foods must have a Nutrition Facts table in a consistent format, with regulated, science-based content. Nutrition Facts tables provide productspecific nutrient information to help consumers make informed food choices.
Key changes to the Nutrition Facts table include:
- a requirement to make serving size more consistent on similar foods so that consumers can easily compare products
- a percent Daily Value (%DV) for sugars
- a footnote that explains how to use the % DV
- updated list of nutrients that must appear in the table
The list of ingredients is another key piece of information on the food label that consumers often use to make informed food choices. The changes will help consumers find and read it on food packages more easily.
Key changes to the list of ingredients include:
- improved legibility for the list of ingredients and allergen information
- grouping of sugars-based ingredients under the common name “sugars”
- the declaration of food colours by their individual common names
The regulatory amendments provide a five-year transition period for industry to come into compliance with the new requirements. During this five year transition period, regulated parties are permitted to follow either the former or the new labelling requirements.
In addition, these amendments introduce a new health claim that will make it easier to let Canadians know the health benefits of eating vegetables and fruit. The new health claim – ‘A healthy diet rich in a variety of vegetables and fruit may help reduce the risk of heart disease’ - will now be allowed on vegetables and fruit as specified in the regulations.
Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency share the responsibility for answering inquiries on the new Regulations. Questions on the new requirements and their intent can be submitted to Health Canada. For questions dealing with compliance and enforcement activities contact the local Canadian Food Inspection Agency office. For further information see CFIA’s Amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations Related to Nutrition Labelling, List of Ingredients and Food Colours webpage.
We encourage you to learn more about the new food labelling changes.
Director General/Directrice générale
Food Directorate/Direction des aliments
Health Canada/Santé Canada